Video URL http://pirsa.org/18030118
An approximate representation of a finitely-presented group is an assignment of unitary matrices to the generators, such that the defining relations are close to the identity in the normalized Hilbert-Schmidt norm. A group is said to be hyperlinear if every non-trivial element can be bounded away from the identity in approximate representations of the group. Determining whether all groups are hyperlinear is a major open problem, as a non-hyperlinear group would provide a counterexample to the famous Connes embedding problem.
Given the difficulty of the Connes embedding problem, it makes sense to look at an easier problem: how fast does the dimension of approximate representations grow (as a function of how close the defining relations are to the identity) when we require a given set of elements to be bounded away from the identity. These growth rates are called the hyperlinear profile of the group.
In this talk, I will explain our best lower bounds on hyperlinear profile, as well as the connection to entanglement requirements for non-local games (joint work with Thomas Vidick). Time permitting, I will also mention some other approaches to looking for non-hyperlinear groups, including the recent work of De Chiffre, Glebsky, Lubotzky, and Thom on a group which is not approximable in the unnormalized Hilbert-Schmidt norm.